He was born in Livorno in 1924. After graduating in Law (1946), from the early 1950s he experimented with the image through the object. He builds first alphabets of signs, uses residual materials that he places at the basis of a language that does not give up the figure. Objects consisting of assembled books or newspapers are exhibited in 1962 in Paris (Collages et objets) and New York (New Realists). His first solo exhibition was in 1963, at La Tartaruga gallery in Rome. In 1964, on the occasion of the exhibition at Cordier & Ekstrom gallery in New York, he exhibited works that presented a significant culmination of his research: fragmentation, dissemination on the canvas of images reduced to minimal elements, conceptual decentralization of space, etc. From 1960 he began producing short films including Molla (1960) and Il grado zero del paesaggio (1963), Verifica incerta (1964-1965). Baruchello brings to the experimentation of the moving image the very idea of fragmentation and montage, which in the same years leads him to projects such as The Fifteenth Line (lines of text taken from hundreds of books) and the book Adventures in the Plexiglas Closet. In 1962 he met Marcel Duchamp, to whom he dedicated the volume Why Duchamp in 1985. In 1968 he founds a fictitious company named Artiflex that aims to “mimic the ways of industry” with critical purpose. In 1973 he started the Agricola Cornelia S.p.A. project, an experiment between art and agriculture, which engaged him for eight years. In 1998 he established, with Carla Subrizi, the Baruchello Foundation. He has repeatedly participated in the Venice Biennale (1976-80, 1988-90, 1993, 2013) and Documenta in Kassel (1977, 2012). Since 2011 a series of retrospectives have been held in Italy and abroad (Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Rome, 2011; Deichtorhallen Sammlung Falckenberg, Hamburg, 2014; ZKM, Karlsruhe, 2014; Raven Row, London, 2017; Villa Arson, 2018, Nice; Mart, Rovereto, 2018). In 2020, with the project Psicoenciclopedia possibile, promoted by the Treccani Institute of the Italian Encyclopedia, he created a work-archive of partly unpublished words and images. His works are part of the collections of the most important international museums.